Pest control service are rodents, birds, insects, diseases or other organisms that interfere with production, spoil food, damage property or present a health risk to humans. Control is often attempted through exclusion or quarantine, repulsion, physical removal or chemical application. Eradication of pests is rarely accomplished in outdoor pest situations but may be a goal for enclosed environments such as homes, retail or food preparation areas.
Why is pest control important?
Maintaining good hygiene is an important preventive measure against many pests. It includes throwing away trash in sealed containers, keeping benches, cupboards and other surfaces clean and removing scraps and debris where pests can hide. It also means wiping up crumbs from counters and tables, not leaving pet food or litter out at night and regularly applying a flea treatment to pets. It’s essential to regularly inspect the interior and exterior of your home for cracks, crevices or other entry points. Keep doors and windows tightly closed, and use screens in window openings. Store clothing and linens in plastic bags to prevent moths and other pests from infesting them. Keep stacked firewood, woodpiles and debris at least 18 inches (45.7 cm) away from the house to deny mice and other pests access.
Many pests are controlled using natural enemies such as predators or parasites. This approach requires extensive research into the biology of the pest, its habitat and its potential natural enemies. It must be carefully implemented and timed to coincide with the pest’s life cycle, and attention must be given to avoiding negative effects on native species that are not pests. Some biological methods, such as releasing predators into an area, are relatively non-toxic to people and the environment. Other methods, such as the use of genetically modified organisms, carry more risk.
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